Microbial Proteomics

A genome contains all the information that is needed to build an organism like, for instance, a bacterium. One of functional genomics’ central questions is: How are these blueprints implemented so that relatively simple molecular codes ultimately give rise to a microorganism with the potential of getting us sick? What are some of the underlying mechanisms and under what conditions do they become activated?



Engelmann, S., and M. Hecker. 2016. Pathoproteomics of pathogenic microbes. Proteomics Clin. Appl.  10:895-896.

Rabus, R., S. Engelmann, D. Jahn, J. Petersen, D. Schomburg, S. Schulz, and I. Wagner-Döbler. 2016. Systembiologie der marinen Roseobacter-Gruppe. Systembiologie. In press

Zühlke, D., K. Dörries, S. Maaß, J. Bernhardt, J. Muntel, V. Liebscher, K. Riedel, M. Lalk, U. Völker, S. Engelmann, D. Becher, S. Fuchs, and M. Hecker. 2016. Costs of life – dynamics of the protein inventory of Staphylococcus aureus during long-term anaerobiosis. Sci. Rep. 6:28172.

Chi, V.H., J. Kolata, S. Stentzel, A. Beyer, M. Gesell-Salazar, L. Steil, J. Pané-Farré, V. Rühmling, S. Engelmann, F. Götz, J. M. van Dijl, M. Hecker, U. Mäder, F. Schmidt, U. Völker, and B. M. Bröker. 2016. Adaptive immune response to lipoproteins of S. aureus in healthy subjects. Proteomics 16:2667-2677.

Engelmann, S., S. Fuchs, and M. Hecker. 2016 Physiological proteomics of S. aureus – from the protein inventory to stress physiology and in vivo adaptation. In: G. A. Somerville (ed) Staphylococcus: Genetics and Physiology. Caister Academic Press. Chapter 7, pp119-132.


Stentzel, S., A. Teufelberger, M. Nordengrün, J. Kolata, F. Schmidt, K. van Crombuggen, S. Michalik, J. Kumpfmüller, S. Tischer, T. Schweder, M. Hecker, S. Engelmann, U. Völker, O. Krysko, C. Bachert, and Barbara M. Bröker. 2016. Spls are pacemakers of allergic reactions to Staphylococcus aureus. J. Allerg. Clin. Immunol. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaci.2016.03.045.

Selle, M., T. Hertlein, B. Oesterreich, T. Klemm, P. Kloppot, E. Müller, R. Ehricht, S. Stentzel, B. M. Bröker, S. Engelmann, and K. Ohlsen. 2016. Global antibody response to Staphylococcus aureus live-cell vaccinationSci. Rep. 6:24754.

Bauer, I., J. Günther, T. T. Wheeler, S. Engelmann, and H.-M. Seyfert. 2015. Extracellular milieu grossly alters pathogen-specific immune response of mammary epithelial cells. BMC Vet. Res. 11:172.

Stentzel, S., N. Sundaramoorthy, S. Michalik, M. Nordengrün, S. Schulz, J. Kolata, P. Kloppot, S. Engelmann, L. Steil, M. Hecker, F. Schmidt, U. Völker, M.C. Roghmann, and B.M. Bröker. 2015. Specific serum IgG at diagnosis of Staphylococcus aureus blood stream invasion is correlated with disease progression. J. Proteomics 128:1-7.

Kloppot, P., M. Selle, C. Kohler, S. Stentzel, S. Fuchs, V. Liebscher, E. Müller, D. Kale, K. Ohlsen, B. M. Bröker, P. Zipfel, B. Kahl, R. Ehricht, M. Hecker, and S. Engelmann. 2015. Microarray based identification of human antibodies against Staphylococcus aureus antigensProteomics Clin. Appl. 9:1003-1011.

Neumann, Y., K. Ohlsen, S. Engelmann, H. Kusch, D. Albrecht, M. Cartron, A. Hurd, and S. Foster. 2015. The effect of skin fatty acids on Staphylococcus aureusArch. Microbiol. 197:245-267.

Halbedel, S., S. Reiss, B. Hahn, D. Albrecht, T. Hain, S. Engelmann, and A. Flieger. 2014. A systematic proteomic analysis of Listeria monocytogenes house-keeping protein secretion systems. Mol. Cell. Proteomics 13:3063-3081.

Kusch, H., and S. Engelmann. 2014. The secrets of the secretome in Staphylococcus aureus. Int. J. Med. Microbiol. 304:133-141.

Michaux, C., A. Hartke, C. Martini, S. Reiss, D. Albrecht, A. Budin-Verneuil, M. Sanguinetti, S. Engelmann, T. Hain, N. Vernieul, and J. C. Giard. 2014. Involvement of Enterococcus faecalis sRNAs in the stress response and virulence. Infect. Immun. 82:3599-3611

Müller, M., S. Reiß, R. Schlüter, U. Mäder, A. Beyer, W. Reiß, J. Marles-Wright, R. L. Lewis, H. Pförtner, U. Völker, K. Riedel, M. Hecker, S. Engelmann, and J. Pané-Farré. 2014. The DUF322 protein Asp23 of Staphylococcus aureus is membrane localized and functionally linked to cell wall stress. Mol. Microbiol. 93:1259-1268.

Dangel, A., N. Ackermann, O. Abdel-Hadi, R. Maier, K. Önder, P. Francoise, R. Benz, C. W. Mueller, J. Pané-Farré, S. Engelmann, J. Schrenzel, J. Heesemann, and C. Lindermayr. 2013. A de-novo designed antimicrobial peptide with activity against multi-resistant Staphylococcus aureus acting on RsbW kinaseFASEB J. 27:4476-4488.

Fuchs, S., D. Zühlke, J. Pané-Farré, H. Kusch, C. Wolf, S. Reiß, L. T. N. Binh, D., Albrecht, K. Riedel, M. Hecker, and S. Engelmann. 2013. Aureolib – a proteome signature library: Towards an understanding of Staphylococcus aureus pathophysiology. PlosOne. 8:e70669.

Reiß, S., J. Pané-Farré, S. Fuchs, P. Franҫois, M. Liebeke, J. Schrenzel, U. Lindequist, M. Lalk, C. Wolz, M. Hecker, and S. Engelmann. 2012. Global analysis of the Staphylococcus aureus response to mupirocin. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 56:787-804.

Kusch, K., K. Hanke, S. Holtfreter, M. Schmudde, C. Kohler, C. Erck, J. Wehland, M. Hecker, K. Ohlsen, B. Bröker, and S. Engelmann. 2011. The influence of SaeRS and σB on the expression of superantigens in different Staphylococcus aureus isolates. Int. J. Med. Microbiol. 301:488-499.

Wolf, C., H. Kusch, S. Monecke, D. Albrecht, S. Holtfreter, C. von Eiff, W. Petzl, P. Rainard, B. Bröker, and S. Engelmann. 2011. Genomic and proteomic characterization of Staphylococcus aureus mastitis isolates of bovine origin. Proteomics 11:2491-2502.

Liang, C., M. Liebeke, R. Schwarz, D. Zühlke, S. Fuchs, L. Menschner, S. Engelmann, C. Wolz, S. Jaglitz, J. Bernhardt, M. Hecker, M. Lalk, and T. Dandekar. 2011. S. aureus physiological growth limitations: Insights from flux calculations built on proteomics and external metabolite data. Proteomics 11:1915-1935.

Liebeke, M., K. Dörries, D. Zühlke, J. Bernhardt, S. Fuchs, J. Pané-Farré, S. Engelmann, U. Völker, R. Bose, T. Dandekar, U. Lindequist, M. Hecker, and M. Lalk. 2011. A metabolomics and proteomics study of the adaptation of Staphylococcus aureus to glucose starvation. Mol. BioSystems 7:1241-1253.

Kolata, J., L. G. M. Bode, S. Holtfreter, L. Steil, H. Kusch, B. Holtfreter, M. Hecker, S. Engelmann, A. van Belkum, U. Völker, and B. M. Bröker. 2011. Distinctive patterns in the human antibody response to Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia in carriers and non-carriers. Proteomics 11:3914-3927.

Quiel, A., B. Jürgen, G. Piechotta, A.-P. Le Foll, A.-K. Ziebandt, C. Kohler, D. Köster, S. Engelmann, C. Erck, R. Hintsche, J. Wehland, M. Hecker, and T. Schweder. 2010. Electrical protein array chips for the detection of staphylococcal virulence factors. Appl. Microbiol. Biotech. 85:1619-1627.

Chlebowicz, M.A., K. Nganou, S. Kozytska, J.P. Arends, S. Engelmann, H. Grundmann, K. Ohlsen, J.M. van Dijl, and G. Buist. 2010. Recombination between ccrC in a type V (5C2&8) staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) of Staphylococcus aureus ST398 leads to conversion from methicillin resistance to methicillin susceptibility in vivoAntimicrob. Agents Chemother. 54:783-791.

Ziebandt, A. K., H. Kusch, M. Degner, S. Jaglitz, M.J.J.B. Sibbald, J. P. Arends, M. A. Chlebowicz, D. Albrecht, R. Pantuček, J. Doškar, W. Ziebuhr, B. M. Bröker, M. Hecker, J. M. van Dijl, and S. Engelmann. 2010. Proteomics uncovers extreme heterogenity in the Staphylococcus aureus exoproteome due to genomic plasticity and variant gene regulation. Proteomics 10:1634-1644.

Pagels, M., S. Fuchs, J. Pané-Farré, C. Kohler, L. Menschner, M. Hecker, P. J. McNamarra, M. C. Bauer, C. von Wachenfeldt, M. Liebeke, M. Lalk, G. Sander, C. von Eiff, R. A. Proctor, and S. Engelmann. 2010. Redox sensing by a Rex-family repressor is involved in the regulation of anaerobic gene expression in Staphylococcus aureusMol. Microbiol. 76:1142-1161.

Sibbald, M.J., T. Winter, M.M. van der Kooi-Pol, G. Buist, E. Tsompanidou, T. Bosma, T. Schäfer, K. Ohlsen, M. Hecker, H. Antelmann, S. Engelmann, and J.M. van Dijl. 2010. Synthetic effects of secG and secY2 mutations on exoproteome biogenesis in Staphylococcus aureusJ. Bacteriol. 192:3788-3800.

Lam, T.T., B. Giese, D. Chikkaballi, A. Kühn, W. Wolber, J. Pané-Farré, D. Schäfer, S. Engelmann, M. Fraunholz, and B. Sinha. 2010. Phago-lysosomal integrity is generally maintained after Staphylococcus aureus invasion of non-professional phagocytes, but is modulated by strain 6850. Infect. Immun. 78:3392-3403.

Fuchs, S., H. Mehlan, H. Kusch, A. Teumer, D. Zühlke, M. Berth, C. Wolf, T. Dandekar, M. Hecker, S. Engelmann, and J. Bernhardt. 2010. Protecs, a comprehensive and powerful storage and analysis system for OMICS data, applied for profiling the anaerobiosis response of Staphylococcus aureus COL. Proteomics 10:2982-3000.

Liang, C., C. Wolz, S. Herbert, J. Bernhardt, S. Engelmann, M. Hecker, F. Götz, and T. Dandekar. 2009. GENOVA: A rapid genome visualization and functional genomics software. Online J. Bioinform. 10:201-207.

Eichstaedt, S., K. Gäbler, S. Below, C. Müller, C. Kohler, S. Engelmann, P. Hildebrandt, U. Völker, M. Hecker, and J. P. Hildebrandt. 2009. Effects of Staphylocccus aureus-hemolysin A on calcium signalling in immortalized human airway epithelial cells. Cell Calcium. 45:165-176.

Chatterjee, I., S. Schmitt, C. F. Batzilla, S. Engelmann, A. Keller, M. W. Ring, R. Kautenburger, W. Ziebuhr, M. Hecker, K. T. Preissner, M. Bischoff, R. A. Proctor, H. P. Beck, H. P. Lenhof, G. A. Sommerville, and M. Herrmann. 2009. Staphylococcus aureus ClpC ATPase is a late growth phase effector of metabolism and persistence. Proteomics 9:1152-1176.

Below, S., A. Konkel, C. Zeeck, C. Müller, C. Kohler, S. Engelmann, and J. P. Hildebrandt. 2009. Virulence factors of Staphylococcus aureus induce Erk-MAP kinase activation and c-Fos expression in S9 and 16HBE 14o-human airway epithelial cells. Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol. Physiol. 296:L470-479.

Pané-Farré, J., B. Jonas, S. W. Hardwick, K. Gronau, R. J. Lewis, M. Hecker, and S. Engelmann. 2009. The role of RsbU in controlling SigB-activity in Staphylococcus aureus following alkaline stress. J. Bacteriol191:2561-2573.

Eberhardt, C., S. Engelmann, H. Kusch, D. Albrecht, M. Hecker, I. B. Authenrieth, and V. A. J. Kempf. 2009. Proteomic analysis of the bacterial pathogen Bartonella henselae and identification of immunogenic proteins for serodiagnosis. Proteomics 9:1967-1981

Seidl, K., S. Müller, P. Francoise, C. Kriebitzsch, J. Schrenzel, S. Engelmann, M. Bischoff, and B. Berger-Bächi. 2009. Effect of a glucose impulse on the CcpA regulon in Staphylococcus aureusBMC Microbiol. 18:95.

Shevchuk, O., C. Batzilla, S. Hägele, H. Kusch, S. Engelmann, M. Hecker, A. Haas, K. Heuner, G. Glöckner, and M. Steiner. 2009. Proteomic analysis of Legionella-containing phagosomes isolated from Dictyostelium. Int. J. Med. Microbiol. 299:489-508.

Holtfreter, S., T. T. Nguyen, H. Wertheim, L. Steil, H. Kusch, Q. P. Truong, S. Engelmann, M. Hecker, U. Völker, A. van Belkum, and B. M. Bröker. 2009. Human immune proteome in experimental colonization with Staphylococcus aureusClin. Vaccine Immunol. 16:1607-1614.

Schäfer, D., T.T. Lam, T. Geiger, M. Mainiero, S. Engelmann, M. Hussain, , A. Bosserhoff, M. Frosch, M. Bischoff, C. Wolz, J. Reidl, and B. Sinha. 2009. A point mutation in the sensor histidine kinase SaeS of Staphylococcus aureus strain Newman alters response to biocide exposure. J. Bacteriol. 191:7306-7314.

Becher, D., K. Hempel, S. Sievers, D. Zühlke, J. Pané-Farré, A. Otto, S. Fuchs, D. Albrecht, J. Bernhardt, S. Engelmann, U. Völker, J. M. van Dijl, and M. Hecker. 2009. A proteomic view of an important human pathogen--towards the quantification of the entire Staphylococcus aureus proteomePLoS One 4:e8176.

Kusch, H., S. Engelmann, R. Bode, D. Albrecht, J. Morschhäuser, and M. Hecker. 2008. A proteomic view of Candida albicans yeast cell metabolism in exponential and stationary growth phase. Int. J. Med. Microbiol. 298:291-318.

Lorenz, U., C. Hüttinger, T. Schäfer, W. Ziebuhr, A. Thiede, J. Hacker, S. Engelmann, M. Hecker, and K. Ohlsen. 2008. The alternative sigma factor sigmaB of Staphylococcus aureus modulates virulence in experimental central venous catheter-related infections. Mircobes Infect. 10:217-223.

Hain, T., H. Hossain, S.S. Chatterjee, S. Machata, U. Volk, S. Wagner, B. Brors, S. Haas, C.T. Kuenne, A. Billion, S. Otten, J. Pané-Farré, S. Engelmann, and T. Chakraborty. 2008. Temporal transcriptomic analysis oft he Listeria monocytogenes EGD-e sigmaB regulon. BMC Microbiol. 8:20.

Galka, F., S.N. Wai, H. Kusch, S. Engelmann, M. Hecker, B. Schmeck. S. Hippenstiel, B.E. Uhlin, and M. Steinert. 2008. Proteomic characterization of the whole secretome of Legionella pneumophila and functional analysis of outer membrane vesicles. Infect. Immun. 76:1825-1836.

Wolf, C., F. Hochgräfe, H. Kusch, D. Albrecht, M. Hecker, and S. Engelmann. 2008. Proteomic analysis of antioxidant strategies of Staphylococcus aureus: Diverse responses to different oxidants. Proteomics 8:3139-3153.

Hochgräfe, F., C. Wolf, S. Fuchs, M. Liebeke, M. Lalk, S. Engelmann, and M. Hecker. 2008. Nitric oxide stress induces different responses but mediates comparable protein thiol protection in Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureusJ. Bacteriol. 190:4997-5008.

Kohler, C., C. von Eiff, M. Liebeke, P.J. McNamara, M. Lalk, R.A. Proctor, M. Hecker, and S. Engelmann. 2008. A defect in menadione biosynthesis induces global changes in gene expression in Staphylococcus aureusJ. Bacteriol190:6351-6364.

Grumann, D., S.S. Scharf, S. Holtfreter, C. Kohler, L. Steil, S. Engelmann, M. Hecker, U. Völker, and B.M. Bröker. 2008. Immune cell activation by enterotoxin gene cluster (egc)-encoded and non-egc superantigens from Staphylococcus aureusJ. Immunol. 181:5054-5061.

Schlag, S., S. Fuchs, C. Nerz, R. Gaupp, S. Engelmann, M. Liebeke, M. Lalk, M. Hecker, and F. Götz. 2008. Characterization of oxygen-responsive NreABC regulon of Staphylococcus aureusJ. Bacteriol. 190:7847-7858.

Nagy, G., T. Palkovics, A. Otto, H. Kusch, B. Kocsis, U. Dobrindt, S. Engelmann, M. Hecker, L. Emödy, T. Pál, and J. Hacker. 2008. „Gently rough“: vaccine potential of a Salmonella enterica lipopolysaccharide regulatory mutant. J. Infect. Dis. 198:1699-1706.

Kusch, H., S. Engelmann, D. Albrecht, J. Morschhäuser, and M. Hecker. 2007. Proteomic analysis of oxidative stress response in Candida albicansProteomics 7:686-697.

Fuchs, S., J. Pané-Farré, C. Kohler, M. Hecker, and S. Engelmann. 2007. Anaerobic gene regulation in Staphylococcus aureusJ. Bacteriol. 189:4275-4289.

Halbedel, S., H. Eilers, B. Jonas, J. Busse, M. Hecker, S. Engelmann, and J. Stülke. 2007. Transcription in Mycoplasma pneumoniae: Analysis of the promoters of the ackA and ldh genes. J. Mol. Biol. 371:596-607.

Makhlin, J., T. Kofman, I. Borovok, C. Kohler, S. Engelmann, G. Cohen, and Y. Aharonovitz. 2007. Staphylococcus aureus ArcR controls expression of the arginine deiminase operon. J. Bacteriol. 189:5976-5986.

Holtfreter, S., K. Roschack, P. Eichler, K. Eske, B. Holtfreter, C. Kohler, S. Engelmann, M. Hecker, A. Greinacher, and B. Bröker. 2006. Staphylococcus aureus carriers neutralize superantigens by antibodies specific for their colonizing strain, a potential explanation for their improved prognosis in severe sepsisJ. Infect. Dis. 193:1275-1278.

Pané-Farré, J., B. Jonas, K. Förstner, S. Engelmann, and M. Hecker. 2006. The σB-regulon in Staphylococcus aureus and its regulationInt. J. Med. Microbiol. 296:237-258.

Batzilla, C., S. Rachid, S. Engelmann, M. Hecker, J. Hacker, and W. Ziebuhr. 2006. Impact of the accessory gene regulatory system (Agr) on extracellular proteins, codY expression and amino acid metabolism in Staphylococcus epidermidisProteomics 6:3602-3613.

Pamp, S. J., D. Frees, S. Engelmann, M. Hecker, and H. Ingmer. 2006. Spx is a global effector impacting stress tolerance and biofilm formation in Staphylococcus aureusJ. Bacteriol. 188:4861-4870.

Rogasch, K., V. Rühmling, J. Pané-Farré, D. Höper, C. Weinberg, S. Fuchs, M. Schmudde, B. M. Bröker, C. Wolz, M. Hecker, and S. Engelmann. 2006. The influence of the two component system SaeRS on global gene expression in two different Staphylococcus aureus strains. J. Bacteriol. 188:7742-7758.

Kohler, C., S. Wolff, D. Albrecht, S. Fuchs, D. Becher, K. Büttner, S. Engelmann, and M. Hecker. 2005. Proteome analyses of Staphylococcus aureus in growing and non-growing cells: A physiological approach. Int. J. Med. Microbiol. 295:547-565.

Holtfreter, S., K. Bauer, D. Thomas, C. Feig, V. Lorenz, K. Roschack, E. Friebe, K. Selleng, S. Lövenich, T. Greve, A. Greinacher, B. Panzig, S. Engelmann, G. Lina, and B. M. Bröker. 2004. egc-encoded superantigens from Staphylococcus aureus are neutralized by human sera much less efficiently than are classical staphylococcal enterotoxins or toxic shock syndrome toxin. Infect. Immun. 72:4061-4071.

Kusch, H., K. Biswas, S. Schwanfelder, S. Engelmann, P. D. Rogers, M. Hecker, and J. Morschhäuser. 2004. A proteomic approach to understanding the development of multidrug-resistant Candida albicans strains. Mol. Genet. Genomics 271:554-565.

Sender, U., J. Bandow, S. Engelmann, U. Lindequist, and M. Hecker. 2004. Proteomic signatures for daunomycin and adriamycin in Bacillus subtilis. Pharmazie 59:65-70.

Weber, H., S. Engelmann, D. Becher, and M. Hecker. 2004. Oxidative stress triggers thiol oxidation in the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase of Staphylococcus aureusMol. Microbiol. 52:133-140.

Allenby, N. E., N. O'Connor, Z. Pragai, N. M. Carter, M. Miethke, S. Engelmann, M. Hecker, A. Wipat, A. C. Ward, and C. R. Harwood. 2004. Post-transcriptional regulation of the Bacillus subtilis pst operon encoding a phosphate-specific ABC transporter. Microbiology  150:2619-2628.

Ziebandt, A.K., D. Becher, K. Ohlsen, J. Hacker, M. Hecker, and S. Engelmann. 2004. The influence of agr and σB in growth phase dependent regulation of virulence factors in Staphylococcus aureusProteomics 4:3034-3047.

Kohler, C., C. von Eiff, G. Peters, R. A. Proctor, M. Hecker, and S. Engelmann. 2003. Physiological characterization of a heme-deficient mutant of Staphylococcus aureus by a proteomic approach. J. Bacteriol. 185:6928-6937.

Giachino, P., S. Engelmann, and M. Bischoff. 2001. Sigma(B) activity depends on RsbU in Staphylococcus aureusJ. Bacteriol. 183:1843-1852.

Ziebandt, A. K., H. Weber, J. Rudolph, R. Schmid, D. Höper, S. Engelmann, and M. Hecker. 2001. Extracellular proteins of Staphylococcus aureus and the role of SarA and sigma B. Proteomics 1:480-493.

Gertz, S., S. Engelmann, R. Schmid, A. K. Ziebandt, K. Tischer, C. Scharf, J. Hacker, and M. Hecker. 2000. Characterization of the sigma(B) regulon in Staphylococcus aureusJ. Bacteriol. 182:6983-6991.

Gertz, S., S. Engelmann, R. Schmid, K. Ohlsen, J. Hacker, and M. Hecker. 1999. Regulation of sigmaB-dependent transcription of sigB and asp23 in two different Staphylococcus aureus strains. Mol. Gen. Genet. 261:558-566.

Petersohn, A., S. Engelmann, P. Setlow, and M. Hecker. 1999. The katX gene of Bacillus subtilis is under dual control of sigmaB and sigmaF. Mol. Gen. Genet. 262:173-179.

Mogk, A., A. Völker, S. Engelmann, M. Hecker, W. Schumann, and U. Völker. 1998. Nonnative proteins induce expression of the Bacillus subtilis CIRCE regulon. J. Bacteriol. 180:2895-2900.

Scharf, C., S. Riethdorf, H. Ernst, S. Engelmann, U. Völker, and M. Hecker. 1998. Thioredoxin is an essential protein induced by multiple stresses in Bacillus subtilisJ. Bacteriol180:1869-1877.

Antelmann, H., S. Engelmann, R. Schmid, A. Sorokin, A. Lapidus, and M. Hecker. 1997. Expression of a stress- and starvation-induced dps/pexB-homologous gene is controlled by the alternative sigma factor sigmaB in Bacillus subtilisJ. Bacteriol. 179:7251-7256.

Antelmann, H., S. Engelmann, R. Schmid, and M. Hecker. 1996. General and oxidative stress responses in Bacillus subtilis: cloning, expression, and mutation of the alkyl hydroperoxide reductase operon. J. Bacteriol. 178:6571-6578.

Engelmann, S. and M. Hecker. 1996. Impaired oxidative stress resistance of Bacillus subtilis sigB mutants and the role of katA and katEFEMS Microbiol. Lett. 145:63-69.

Maul, B., U. Völker, S. Riethdorf, S. Engelmann, and M. Hecker. 1995. sigma B-dependent regulation of gsiB in response to multiple stimuli in Bacillus subtilisMol. Gen. Genet. 248:114-120.

Engelmann, S., C. Lindner, and M. Hecker. 1995. Cloning, nucleotide sequence, and regulation of katE encoding a sigma B-dependent catalase in Bacillus subtilisJ. Bacteriol. 177:5598-5605.

Völker, U., S. Engelmann, B. Maul, S. Riethdorf, A. Völker, R. Schmid, H. Mach, and M. Hecker. 1994. Analysis of the induction of general stress proteins of Bacillus subtilisMicrobiology 140:741-752.

Riethdorf, S., U. Völker, U. Gerth, A. Winkler, S. Engelmann, and M. Hecker. 1994. Cloning, nucleotide sequence, and expression of the Bacillus subtilis lon geneJ. Bacteriol. 176:6518-6527.

Mraheil, M.A., A. Billion, C. Kuenne, J. Pischimarov, B. Kreikemeyer, S. Engelmann, A. Hartke, J.C. Giard, M. Rupnik, S. Vorwerk, M. Beier, J. Retey, T. Hartsch, A. Jacob, F. Cemic, J. Hemberger, T. Chakraborty, and T. Hain. 2010. Comparative genome-wide analysis of small RNAs of major Gram-positive pathogens: from identification to appplication. Microbial Biotechnol. 3:658-676.

Hecker, M., D. Becher, S. Fuchs, and S. Engelmann. 2010. A proteomic view of cell physiology and virulence of Staphylococcus aureusInt. J. Med. Microbiol. 300:76-87.

Hecker, M., A. Reder, S. Fuchs, M. Pagels, and S. Engelmann. 2009. Physiological proteomics and stress/starvation responses in Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococccus aureusRes. Microbiol. 160:245-258.

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