Infection Genetics

Infektionsgenetik

Which role do genes play during the host defense against an infection? What is the contribution of environmental factors? Can we study this complex interaction of genes and environment in silico? We can now start to ask these questions because, in recent years, we have gained an enormous knowledge about the genes and their functions in the mouse and human organism. The researchers in the Department of Infection Genetics are seeking to answer such questions. They study how genes and their different variants can positively or negatively influence the host response to an infection with influenza A virus.

Team

    Prof Dr Klaus Schughart

    Klaus Schughart

    Head of Department Infection Genetics

    +49 531 6181-1100

    +49 531 6181-1199

    Contact


    Curriculum Vitae

    * since September 2006

    Head of Dept. Infection Genetics (Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Braunschweig) and Professorship at University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover

    * 2002-2006

    Head of scientific controlling and deputy scientific director at the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Braunschweig

    * 1997-2001

    Head of Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Transgene, Strasbourg

    * since 1995

    Priv.-Doz. (visiting Assistant Professor) of Genetics, University of Freiburg

    * 1995-1996

    Group Leader at Institute of Mammalian Genetics, GSF Munich

    * 1994

    Habilitation in Genetics at University of Freiburg

    * 1990-1995

    Group Leader at Max-Planck-Institute of Immunebiology, Freiburg

    * 1987-1989

    Postdoc in Dept. of Biology, Yale University, New Haven (Dr. F.H. Ruddle)

    * 1986

    Dissertation (PhD) at the Institute of Genetics, Virology, University of Cologne

    * 1983

    Diploma in Biology at University of Cologne

    * 1978-1983

    Study of Biology at University of Cologne

    * 1976-1977

    Study of Biology at University of Kaiserslautern

    Publications

    2012

    T. Nedelko, H. Kollmus, F. Klawonn, S. Spijker, L. Lu, M. Heßman, R. Alberts, R. W. Williams, and K. Schughart. (2012) Distinct gene loci control the host response to influenza H1N1 virus infection in a time-dependent manner. BMC Genomics, 13:411.

     

    Pommerenke, C., Wilk E., Srivastava B., Schulze, A., Novoselova, N., Alberts, R., Geffers, R., and Schughart, K. (2012). Systematic analysis of the dynamics in gene expression changes describes the multi-level host responses during the course of an influenza A infection. PLoS ONE, 7(7):e41169.

     

    H. Kollmus, R. Post, M. Brielmeier, J. Fernández, H. Fuchs, C. McKerlie, L. Montoliu, P. J. Otaegui, M. Rebelo, H. Riedesel, J. Ruberte, R. Sedláček, M. Habré d´Angelis and K. Schughart (2012). Structural and functional concepts employed in current mouse phenotyping and archiving facilities. JAALAS, in press, 20.6.2012.

     

    E. Wilk and K. Schughart. (2012). The mouse as model system to study host-pathogen-interactions in influenza A infections. Curr. Protoc. Mouse Biol. 2, 177-205.

     

    Collaborative Cross Consortium, including K. Schughart (2012). The Genome Architecture of the Collaborative Cross Mouse Genetic Reference Population. Genetics, 190, 389–401.

     

    M. Bankstahl; C. J. Müller; E. Wilk; K. Schughart; W. Löscher (2012). Generation and characterization of pilocarpine-sensitive C57BL/6 mice as a model of temporal lobe epilepsy. Behav Brain Res. 230:182-91.

     

    Alberts, R., Lu, L., Williams, R.W., and Schughart, K. (2012). Correction: Genome-wide analysis of the mouse lung transcriptome reveals novel molecular gene interaction networks and cell-specific expression signatures. Respir Res 13, 5; doi:10.1186/1465-9921-13-5.

     

    Caroline Durrant, Morris A. Swertz, Rudi Alberts, Danny Arends, Steffen Möller, Richard Mott1, Pjotr Prins, Joeri K. van der Velde, Ritsert C. Jansen, Klaus Schughart. (2012) Bioinformatics tools and database resources for systems genetics analysis in mice – a short review and an evaluation of future needs. Briefings in Bioinformatics, 13(2):135-42.

    2011

    R. Alberts, H. Chen, C. Pommerenke, A. B. Smit, S. Spijker, R. W. Williams, R. Geffers, D. Bruder and K. Schughart (2011) . Expression QTL mapping in regulatory and helper T cells from the BXD family of strains reveals novel cell-specific genes, gene-gene interactions and candidate genes for auto-immune disease. BMC Genomics, 12(1):610.


    Blazejewska, P., Koscinski, L., Viegas, N., Anhlan, D., Ludwig, S., and Schughart, K. (2011). Pathogenicity of different PR8 influenza A virus variants in mice is determined by both viral and host factors. Virology 412, 36-45.


    Bahgat, M.M., Blazejewska, P., and Schughart, K. (2011). Inhibition of lung serine proteases in mice: a potentially new approach to control influenza infection. Virol J 8, 27.


    Alberts, R., Lu, L., Williams, R.W., and Schughart, K. (2011). Genome-wide analysis of the mouse lung transcriptome reveals novel molecular gene interaction networks and cell-specific expression signatures. Respir Res 12, 61.


    M. J. Kas, R. S. Kahn, D. A. Collier, J. L. Waddington, J. Ekelund, D. J. Porteous, K. Schughart, and I. Hovatta. (2011). Translational neuroscience of schizophrenia: seeking a meeting of minds between mouse and man. Sci Transl Med. 3,102mr3.


    K. Dimitrakopoulou, C. Tsimpouris, G. Papadopoulos, K. Sgarbas, C. Pommerenke, E. Wilk, K. Schughart and A. Bezerianos. (2011) Dynamic Gene Network Reconstruction from gene expression data in mice after Influenza A (H1N1) infection. . Journal of Clinical Bioinformatics, 1:27 doi:10.1186/2043-9113-1-27.


    Caroline Durrant, Morris A. Swertz, Rudi Alberts, Danny Arends, Steffen Möller, Richard Mott1, Pjotr Prins, Joeri K. van der Velde, Ritsert C. Jansen, Klaus Schughart. (2011) Bioinformatics tools and database resources for systems genetics analysis in mice – a short review and an evaluation of future needs. Briefings in Bioinformatics, doi:10.1093/bib/bbr026.


    M. Akmatov, S. Krebs, M. Preusse, A. Gatzemeier, U. Frischmann, K. Schughart, and F. Pessler. (2010) E-mail based symptomatic surveillance combined with self-collection of nasal swabs: A new tool for acute respiratory infection epidemiology. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2011.07.005.

    2010

    Alberts, R., Srivastava, B., Wu, H., Viegas, N., Geffers, R., Klawonn, F., Novoselova, N., do Valle, T.Z., Panthier, J.J., and Schughart, K. (2010). Gene expression changes in the host response between resistant and susceptible inbred mouse strains after influenza A infection. Microbes Infect 12, 309-318.


    Bertram, S.*, Glowacka, I.*, Blazejewska, P.*, Soilleux, E., Allen, P., Danisch, S., Steffen, I., Choi, S.Y., Park, Y., Schneider, H., K. Schughart, and S. Pöhlmann (2010). TMPRSS2 and TMPRSS4 facilitate trypsin-independent spread of influenza virus in Caco-2 cells. J Virol 84, 10016-10025. *equal contribution


    Wu, H., Haist, V., Baumgartner, W., and Schughart, K. (2010). Sustained viral load and late death in Rag2-/- mice after influenza A virus infection. Virol J 7, 172.


    Schughart, K. (2010). SYSGENET: a meeting report from a new European network for systems genetics. Mamm. Genome 21, 331-336.


    do Valle, T.Z., Billecocq, A., Guillemot, L., Alberts, R., Gommet, C., Geffers, R., Calabrese, K., Schughart, K., Bouloy, M., Montagutelli, X., et al. (2010). A new mouse model reveals a critical role for host innate immunity in resistance to Rift Valley fever. J Immunol 185, 6146-6156.


    Schofield, P.N., Eppig, J., Huala, E., de Angelis, M.H., Harvey, M., Davidson, D., Weaver, T., Brown, S., Smedley, D., Rosenthal, N., Schughart, K., Aidinis, V., Tocchini-Valentini, G., Hancock. J. (2010). Research funding. Sustaining the data and bioresource commons. Science 330, 592-593.


    Alberts, R., and Schughart, K. (2010). QTLminer: identifying genes regulating quantitative traits. BMC Bioinformatics 11, 516.


    Michaelson, J.J., Alberts, R., Schughart, K., and Beyer, A. (2010). Data-driven assessment of eQTL mapping methods. BMC Genomics 11, 502.


    R. Alberts and K. Schughart (2010). High throughput gene expression analysis and the identification of expression QTLs. Chapter in: Gene Discovery for Disease Models: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, U.S.A.


    Gruenberger, M., Alberts, R., Smedley, D., Swertz, M., Schofield, P., and Schughart, K. (2010). Towards the integration of mouse databases - definition and implementation of solutions to two use-cases in mouse functional genomics. BMC Res Notes 3, 16.


    Swertz, M.A., K.J. Velde, B.M. Tesson, R.A. Scheltema, D. Arends, G. Vera, R. Alberts, M. Dijkstra, P. Schofield, K. Schughart, J.M. Hancock, D. Smedley, K. Wolstencroft, C. Goble, E.O. de Brock, A.R. Jones, H.E. Parkinson, and R.C. Jansen. (2010). XGAP: a uniform and extensible data model and software platform for genotype and phenotype experiments. Genome Biol. 11:R27.


    Zouberakis, M., C. Chandras, M. Swertz, D. Smedley, M. Gruenberger, J. Bard, K. Schughart, N. Rosenthal, J.M. Hancock, P.N. Schofield, G. Kollias, and V. Aidinis. (2010). Mouse Resource Browser--a database of mouse databases. Database (Oxford). 2010:baq010.


    Smedley, D., P. Schofield, C.K. Chen, V. Aidinis, C. Ainali, J. Bard, R. Balling, E. Birney, A. Blake, E. Bongcam-Rudloff, A.J. Brookes, G. Cesareni, C. Chandras, J. Eppig, P. Flicek, G. Gkoutos, S. Greenaway, M. Gruenberger, J.K. Heriche, A. Lyall, A.M. Mallon, D. Muddyman, F. Reisinger, M. Ringwald, N. Rosenthal, K. Schughart, M. Swertz, G.A. Thorisson, M. Zouberakis, and J.M. Hancock. (2010). Finding and sharing: new approaches to registries of databases and services for the biomedical sciences. Database (Oxford). 2010:baq014.

    2009

    Srivastava, B., Blazejewska, P., Hessmann, M., Bruder, D., Geffers, R., Mauel, S., Gruber, A.D., and Schughart, K. (2009). Host genetic background strongly influences the response to influenza a virus infections. PLoS ONE 4, e4857.

     

    Muller, C.J., Groticke, I., Hoffmann, K., Schughart, K., and Loscher, W. (2009). Differences in sensitivity to the convulsant pilocarpine in substrains and sublines of C57BL/6 mice. Genes Brain Behav 8, 481-492.

     

    Fuchs, H., V. Gailus-Durner, T. Adler, J.A. Pimentel, L. Becker, I. Bolle, M. Brielmeier, J. Calzada-Wack, C. Dalke, N. Ehrhardt, N. Fasnacht, B. Ferwagner, U. Frischmann, W. Hans, S.M. Holter, G. Holzlwimmer, M. Horsch, A. Javaheri, M. Kallnik, E. Kling, C. Lengger, H. Maier, I. Mossbrugger, C. Morth, B. Naton, U. Noth, B. Pasche, C. Prehn, G. Przemeck, O. Puk, I. Racz, B. Rathkolb, J. Rozman, K. Schable, R. Schreiner, A. Schrewe, C. Sina, R. Steinkamp, F. Thiele, M. Willershauser, R. Zeh, J. Adamski, D.H. Busch, J. Beckers, H. Behrendt, H. Daniel, I. Esposito, J. Favor, J. Graw, G. Heldmaier, H. Hofler, B. Ivandic, H. Katus, M. Klingenspor, T. Klopstock, A. Lengeling, M. Mempel, W. Muller, S. Neschen, M. Ollert, L. Quintanilla-Martinez, P. Rosenstiel, J. Schmidt, S. Schreiber, K. Schughart, H. Schulz, E. Wolf, W. Wurst, A. Zimmer, and M. Hrabe de Angelis. 2009. The German Mouse Clinic: a platform for systemic phenotype analysis of mouse models. Curr Pharm Biotechnol. 10:236-243.

     

    Chandras C, Weaver T, Zouberakis M, Smedley D, Schughart K, Rosenthal N, Hancock JM, Kollias G, Schofield PN, Aidinis V (2009). Models for financial sustainability of biological databases and resources. Database: doi:10.1093/database/bap017

    Publications from earlier years

    W. Kramer, K. Schughart and H.-J. Fritz (1982) Directed mutagenesis of DNA cloned in filamentous phage: influence of hemimethylated GATC sites on marker recovery from restriction fragments. Nucleic Acids Research 10, 6475-6485.

     

    H. Esche, M. Reuther and K. Schughart (1984) Early and late proteins of adenovirus type 12: translation mapping with RNA isolated from infected and transformed cells. In: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology 111 (W. Doerfler, ed.), pp. 91-106. Springer Verlag Berlin, 1984.

     

    K. Schughart, E. Bause and H. Esche (1985) Structure and expression of adenovirus type 12 E1B 58K protein in infected and transformed cells: studies using antibodies directed against a synthetic peptide. Virus Research 3, 41-56.

     

    K. Schughart, B. von Wilcken-Bergmann and H. Esche (1987) Expression of adenovirus type 12 E1b 58-kDa protein in Escherichia coliand production of antibodies against a 58-kDa::-galactosidase fusion protein. Gene 53, 173-180.

     

    K. Schughart, M. F. Utset, A. Awgulewitsch and F. H. Ruddle (1988) Structure and expression of Hox-2.2, a murine homeobox-containing gene. PNAS 85, 5582-5586.

     

    K. Schughart, M. F. Utset, A. Feinberg, L. D. Bogarad and F. H. Ruddle (1989) Homeobox-containing genes: implications for pattern formation during embryonic development in the mouse. In: Genetics of neuropsychiatric diseases. (L. Wetterberg, ed.), pp. 295-306, Macmillan Press, London, 1989.

     

    K. Schughart, C. Kappen and F.H. Ruddle (1989) Murine homeobox genes: genome organization, structure, expression and evolution. British Journal of Cancer 58 Suppl. IX, 9-13.

     

    C. Kappen, K. Schughart and F. H. Ruddle (1989) Organization and expression of homeobox genes in mouse and man. In: "Viral Oncogenesis and cell differentiation: The contributions of Charlotte Friend." New York City, 1989, Ann. Acad. Sci. 567, 243-252.

     

    K. Schughart, D. Pravtcheva, M. S. Newman, L. W. Hunahan, Z. Jiang and F. H. Ruddle. (1989) Isolation and regional localization of the murine homeobox-containing gene Hox-3.3 to mouse chromosome region 15E. Genomics 5, 76-83.

     

    C. Kappen, K. Schughart, and F.H. Ruddle (1989) Two steps in the evolution of Antennapedia-class vertebrate homeobox genes. PNAS 86, 5459-5463.

     

    C. Kappen, K. Schughart and F.H. Ruddle (1989) Mammalian Antennapedia-class homeobox genes: organization, expression and evolution. In: Molecular genetics of early Drosophila and mouse development. (M.R. Capecchi, ed.) CSH Lab. Press, CSH, N.Y, 1989.

     

    K. Schughart, C. Kappen and F.H. Ruddle (1989) Duplication of large genomic regions during the evolution of vertebrate homeobox genes. PNAS 86, 7067-7071.

     

    J. Malicki, K. Schughart and W. McGinnis (1990) Mouse Hox-2.2 specifies thoracic segmental identity in Drosophila embryos and larvae. Cell 63, 961-967.

     

    C.S. Sashikant, M. F. Utset, S.M. Violette, T.L. Wise, P. Einat, M. Einat, J.W. Pendleton, K.Schughart and F.H. Ruddle (1990) Homeobox genes in mouse Development. In: CRC Critical Reviews in Eucaryotic Gene Expression, pp. 207-245.

     

    K. Schughart, C.J. Bieberich, R. Eid and F.H. Ruddle (1991) A regulatory region from the mouse Hox-2.2 promoter directs gene expression into developing limbs. Development 112, 807-811.

     

    G. W. Byrne, C. Kappen, K. Schughart, M. Utset, L. Bogarad and F. H. Ruddle (1991) Analysis of regulatory genes using the transgenic mouse system. Biotechnology 16, 135-152.

     

    R. Eid, H. Koseki and K. Schughart (1993) Analysis of LacZ reporter genes in transgenic embryos suggests the presence of several cis-acting elements in the murine Hoxb-6 gene. Developmental Dynamics 196, 205-216.

     

    C. Kappen, K. Schughart and F.H. Ruddle (1993) Early evolutionary origin of major homeodomain sequence classes. Genomics 18, 54-70.

     

    T. Guenther, M. Struwe, A. Aguzzi and K. Schughart (1994) open brain, a new mouse mutant with severe neural tube defects shows altered gene expression patterns in the developing spinal cord. Development 120, 3119-3130.

     

    D. Becker, R. Eid and K. Schughart (1996) The limb/LPM enhancer of the murine Hoxb-6 gene: reporter gene analysis in transgenic embryos and studies of DNA-protein interactions. Pharmaceutica Acta Helvetiae 71, 29-35.

     

    D. Becker, Z. Jiang, P. Knoedler, A. S. Deinhard, R. Eid, K. K. Kidd, C. S. Shashikant, F. H. Ruddle and K. Schughart (1996) Conserved regulatory element involved in the early onset of Hoxb-6 gene expression. Developmental Dynamics 205, 73-81.

     

    R. Spoerle, T. Guenther, Struwe, M. and K. Schughart (1996) Severe defects in the formation of epaxial musculature in open brain (opb) mutant embryos. Development 122, 79-86.

     

    K. Schughart, T. Guenther, Struwe, M. and R. Spoerle (1996). Using molecular anatomy to describe phenotypic defects in the mouse mutant open brain (opb). In: Aspects of Teratology. Eds. R. Vogel, J. FanghŠnel and J. Giebel, Tectum. Der Wissenschaftsverlag, Marburg 1996.

     

    R. Spoerle, T. Guenther, M. Struwe and K. Schughart (1996). Defects in the development of dorsal spinal cord and epaxial musculature in opb mutant embryos. Ann. Anat. 178, 107-126.

     

    J. Favor, R. Sandulache, A. Neuhaeuser-Klaus, W. Pretsch, B. Chatterjee, E. Senft, W. Wurst, V. Blanquet, P. Grimes, R. Spoerle and K. Schughart (1996). The mouse Pax2/1Neu mutation is identical to a human PAX2 mutation in a family with renal-coloboma syndrome and results in developmental defects of the brain, ear, eye and kidney. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93, 13870-13875.

     

    T. Nagai, J. Aruga, S. Takada, A. P. McMahon, T. Guenther, R. Spoerle, K. Schughart and K. Mikoshiba (1997) The expression of the mouse Zic1, Zic2 and Zic3 gene suggests an essential role for Zic genes in body pattern formation. Developmental Biology 182, 299-131.

     

    D. E. Cash, Bock, C. B., K. Schughart, E. Linney and M. Underhill (1997) Retinoic acid receptor alpha function in vertebrate limb skeletogenesis: A modulator of chondrogenesis. J. Cell Biol. 346, 445-458.

     

    T. Guenther, R. Spoerle and K. Schughart (1997) The open brain (opb) mutation maps to Chromsome 1. Mammalian Genome 8, 583-585.

     

    H. J. Geyer, K-W. Schramm, I. Scheunert, K. Schughart, J. Butters, W. Wurst, H. Greim, R. Kluge, C. E. W. Steinberg, A. Kettrup, B. Madhukar, J. R. Olson, M. A. Gallo (1997) Considerations on genetic and environmental factors that contribute to resistance or sensitivity of mammals including humans to toxicity of 2,3,7,8,-Tetrachlordibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and related compounds. Ecotoxicology & Environmental Safety 36, 213-230.

     

    K. Schughart, T. Guenther, R. Spoerle and Dietz. (1997). Patent Nr. DE 196 50 880 C1. Vorrichtung zur Durchfuehrung von Genexpressionsanalysen

     

    R. Spoerle and K. Schughart. (1997) System to identify individual somites and their derivatives in the developing mouse embryo. Developmental Dynamics 210 216-226.

     

    R. Spoerle and K. Schughart (1997) Neural tube morphogenesis. Curr. Opin. Devel. Genet. 7 507-512.

     

    V. Knezevic, R. DeSanto, K. Schughart, U. Huffstadt, C. Chiang, K. A. Mahon and S. Mackem (1997) Hoxd12 exerts opposing effects on preaxial and postaxial chondrogenic branches in the limb and regulates sonic hedgehog. Development 124, 4523-4536.

     

    R. Bischoff, K. Schughart, H. Kolbe (1997). Compositions useful for transferring therapeutically active polynucleotides into a target cell, and their use in gene therapy. European Patent EP0890362.

     

    R. Spoerle and K. Schughart (1998). Paradox segmentation along inter- and intrasomitic borderlines is followed by dysmorphology of the axial skeleton in the open brain (opb) mouse mutant. Developmental Genetics 22, 359-373.

     

    Balling, R., Hrabe de Angelis, M., Schughart, K., Wolf, E. (1998) We need more mutants: plans for a large ENU mouse mutagenesis screen. OECD Proceedings Novel systems for the study of human disease.

     

    S. Braun, C. Jenny, C. Thiodellet, F. Perraud, M-C Claudepierre, C. Gerard, F., Langle-Rouault, K. Schughart, A. Pavirani (1999) Glucocorticoids increase gene transfer in vitro. FEBS Lett 454, 277-282.

     

    C. Grimm, R. Spoerle, T.E. Schmidt, I. Adler, J. Adamski, K. Schughart and J. Graw (1999) Isolation and embryonic expression of the novel mouse gene Hic1, the homologue of HIC1, a candidate gene for the Miller-Dieker syndrome. Human Molecular Genetics 8, 697-710.

     

    Y. Wang, R. Spoerle, L. Richardson. T. Paperna, K. Schughart and U. Francke (1999) Characterization and expression pattern of the frizzled gene Fzd9, the mouse homologue of FZD9 that is deleted in Williams-Beuren syndrome. Genomics 57, 235-248.

     

    K. Schughart, R. Bischoff, D. Ali Hadji, O. Boussif, F. Perraud, N. Accart, U.B. Rasmussen, A. Pavirani, N. van Rooijen, H.V.J. Kolbe (1999) Effect of liposome-encapsulated clodronate pretreatment on synthetic vector-mediated gene expression in vivo. Gene Therapy 6, 448-453.

     

    U. Rasmussen, M. Benchaibi, V. Meyer, Y. Schlesinger and K. Schughart (1999) Novel human gene transfer vectors: evaluation of wild type and recombinant animal adenoviruses in human-derived cells. Human Gene Therapy 16, 2587- 2599.

     

    K. Schughart, R. Bischoff, U.B. Rasmussen, D. Ali Hadji, F. Perraud, N. Accart, O. Boussif, N. Silvestre, Y. Cordier, A. Pavirani, M. Courtney, H.V.J. Kolbe (1999) Solvoplexes, a new type of non-viral vectors for intrapulmonary gene delivery. Human Gene Therapy 10, 2891-2905.

     

    O. Meyer, K. Schughart, H.V.J. Kolbe (2000) Multiple expression of human interferon-b can be achieved upon repeated administration of optimized pcTG90 lipoplex. Gene Therapy 7, 1606-1611.

     

    J. Streicher, M.A. Donat, B. Strauss, R. Sporle, K. Schughart, G.B. Mueller. (2000) Computer-based three-dimensional visualization of developmental gene expression. Nature Genetics 25,147-52.

     

    T.E. Tsang, W. Shawlot, S.J. Kinder, A. Kobayashi, K.M. Kwan, K. Schughart, A. Kania, T.M. Jessell, R.R. Behringer, P.P.L. Tam (2000). Lim1 activity is required for intermediate mesoderm differentiation in the mouse embryo. Developmental Biology 223, 77-99.

     

    Hrabé de Angelis M., Flaswinkel H., Fuchs H., Rathkolb B., Soewarto D., Marschall S., Heffner S., Pargent W., Wuensch K., Jung M., Reis A., Richter T., Alessandrini F., Jakob T., Fuchs E., Kolb H., Kremmer E., Behrendt H., Ring J., Zimmer A., Pfeffer K., Schughart K., Wolf E., and Balling R. (2000) Genome wide large scale production of mutant mice by ENU mutagenesis. Nature Genetics 25, 444-447.

     

    Fuchs H, Schughart K, Wolf E, Balling R, Hrabe de Angelis M (2000) Screening for dysmorphological abnormalities-a powerful tool to isolate new mouse mutants. Mammalian Genome 11, 528-30.

     

    U. Rasmussen, V. Schreiber, K. Schughart (2001). Patent application. Transgene.

     

    K. Schughart and U.B. Rasmussen (2002) Methods for the preparation and use of solvoplex: A synthetic vector for intrapulmonary gene delivery. In: Gene Therapy Protocols (ed. J.R. Morgan), Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, USA, pp. 83-94.

     

    U. Rasmussen, V. Schreiber, H. Schultz, F. Mischler, and K. Schughart (2002) Tumor cell-targeting by phage-displayed peptides. Cancer Gene Therapy 9, 606-612.

     

    K. Schughart and N. Accart (2003) Use of adenovirus vectors for functional gene analysis in the chicken chorioallantoic membrane. Biotechniques 34, 178-183.

     

    E. Wollscheid-Lengeling, R. Müller, R. Balling and K. Schughart (2004) Maintaining Your Immune System--One Method for Enhanced Longevity. Science Aging Knowledge Environment Vol. 2004, Issue 1, pp. pe2.

     

    Rittner, K.; Schreiber, V.; Schughart, K.; Futin, N.; Ledoux, C., and Lusky, M. (2004) Studies on the Targeting of Adenoviral Vectors Carrying a Tumor-Cell Specific Peptide. Molecular Therapy 9, 46.

     

    K. Schughart and H. Schlender (2007) Das Zusammenspiel der Gene. BIOspektrum - special edition for the Biotechnica 2007, Vol. 13, p 8-10 (print run/Auflage: 30.000)

     

    K. Schughart and G. Churchill (2007), 6th Annual Meeting of the Complex Trait Consortium. Mammalian Genome, 18, 683-685.

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