Microbial Strain Collection
During the last decades many pharmaceutical companies have terminated their antibiotic research activities and the general assumption that microorganisms exhibit only minor unexploited potential for discovering antibiotics.At the same time more and more of the so called “neglected” genera which were previously difficult to cultivate have become more accessible. Advanced and new methods make the screening and detection of their secondary metabolite profiles possible. New species can also be extracted from biological samples using new and uncommon isolation methods.
Despite the tremendous developments originating from genomics, isolation of new genera and subsequent screening for the production of new metabolites is still the most successful way of finding novel antibiotic scaffolds that often exhibit new modes of action. The co-workers of the working group microbial strain collection are specialized on the different steps in this process for the detection of new active compounds from nature.
The microbial strain collection of the HZI has its focus on Myxobacteria and other uncommon microorganisms, especially rare Actinobacteria. Our myxobacterial strain collection comprises approximately 8500 strains. More than 3000 strains have been newly cultivated from those.Myxobacterial crude extracts are prepared in standardized procedures and undergo routine biological and chemical screening. In addition we have about 500 new isolates of Myxobacteria, taken from various resources. Many of these isolates represent unexplored genera and families in unexpected novel myxobacterial groups. Beside the Myxobacteria the collection includes about 2000 reference strains of the class Actinobacteria and more than 500 new isolates of uncommon genera of the bacterial group.
Although the isolation of novel species and families significantly increases the chances of the discovery of novel chemical entities, most of the already known and well described species also harbour a huge “hidden” biosynthetic potential in their genome. For the induction or enhancement of the production of these potential metabolites, our scientists diversify media compositions, work with chemical inductors and change the external cues and stress factors that influence secondary metabolite production.
To screen the extract our scientists established a standardized process: They detect, identify and quantify the secondary metabolites in the extracts by using the coupling of a maXisTM UHR-TOF mass spectrometer with a fast UHPLC-chromatography. The combination of different analysing methods plays an important role in the characterization of unknown compounds.All information gained through biology and analytics is collected and stored in our in house database. In addition we continue the description of Actinobacteria in the characterization tool the Compendium, in collaboration with the German Culture Collection (DSMZ).