Dynamics of Respiratory Infections

Several chronic inflammatory diseases of the lung have been recently associated with alterations in the composition of the airway microbiome. Moreover, the lung microbiota can be classified according to its predominance either of proinflammatory bacteria, such as strains from the genera Staphylococcus, Pseudomonas, and Haemophilus or of low-stimulatory bacteria from genera like Prevotella, Streptococcus, and Veillonella. Moreover, it is already known that the commensal lung microbiota can influence host immune system activation by producing numerous structural ligands and metabolites such as lipopolysaccharide, peptidoglycan, and secondary metabolites. However, the interaction between the lung microbiota and the airway epithelium, as well as their interactions with pulmonary pathogens, are not well understood.


Selected Publications

Klassert TE #, Goyal S, Stock M, Driesch D, Hussain A, Berrocal-Almanza LC, Myakala R, Sumanlatha G, Valluri V, Ahmed N, Schumann RR, Flores C, Slevogt H §. (2018). AmpliSeq Screening of Genes Encoding the C-Type Lectin Receptors and Their Signaling Components Reveals a Common Variant in MASP1 Associated with Pulmonary Tuberculosis in an Indian Population. Front Immunol. 9:242. 10.3389/fimmu.2018.00242.

Lehmann R, Müller MM, Klassert TE, Driesch D, Stock M, Heinrich A, Conrad T, Moore C, Schier UK, Guthke R, Slevogt H§. (2018). Differential regulation of the transcriptomic and secretomic landscape of sensor and effector functions of human airway epithelial cells. Mucosal Immunol. 11(3):627-642. 10.1038/mi.2017.100.

Klassert TE #, Leistner R, Zubiria-Barrera C, Stock M, López M, Neubert R, Driesch D, Gastmeier P, Slevogt H §.  (2021). Bacterial colonization dynamics and antibiotic resistance gene dissemination in the hospital environment after first patient occupancy: a longitudinal metagenetic study. Microbiome. 9(1):169. 10.1186/s40168-021-01109-7.

Klassert TE #Zubiria-Barrera C, Neubert R, Stock M, Schneegans A, López M, Driesch D, Zakonsky G, Gastmeier P, Slevogt H §, Leistner R. (2022). Comparative analysis of surface sanitization protocols on the bacterial community structures in the hospital environment. Clin Microbiol Infect. 28(8):1105-1112. 10.1016/j.cmi.2022.02.032.

Müller MM, Baldauf C, Hornischer S, Klassert TE, Schneegans A, Behnert A, Pletz MW, Hagel S, Slevogt H §. (2023). Staphylococcus aureus induces tolerance in human monocytes accompanied with expression changes of cell surface markers. Front Immunol. 14:1046374. 10.3389/fimmu.2023.1046374.

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