• receptor

    A receptor is…

    Protein that specifically recognizes and binds a certain molecule. Receptors are found inside cells and on the cell surface. They are an important component of cellular signal transduction.

  • resistance

    Resistance means…

    See antibiotic resistance.

  • retroviruses

    definition

    Retroviruses are…

    RNA-containing viruses. Following an infection, the RNA hereditary material is transcribed into DNA and becomes integrated into the host genome, where it is treated as part of the body’s own DNA, copied and used as a template for protein production by the cell’s protein-making machinery. HIV is an example of a retrovirus. Retroviruses are frequently used in gene technology to introduce genes into cells.

  • RNA

    abbreviation of

    RNA stands for…

    Acronym, which stands for ribonucleic acid; macromolecule involved in coding and reading genes or in protein synthesis. RNA is made of a chain of building blocks called nucleotides, which “translate” the information contained in DNA into instructions for making a protein. Biologists distinguish between messenger, transfer, and ribosomal RNA.

  • Robert Koch-Institute (RKI)

    definition

    The Robert Koch Institute (RKI) is…

    Federal biomedical institution in Germany. The most important areas of work include recognition of and fight against infectious diseases as well as analysis of long-term health trends within the population.

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