• E. coli

    E. coli is…

    See Escherichia coli.

  • Ebola

    definition

    Ebola is…

    Haemorrhagic (i.e. triggering bleeding) and frequently lethal fever triggered by the highly contagious Ebola virus. To date, there is no vaccine against ebola and no specific treatment.

  • ecology

    definition

    Ecology refers to…

    Field of biology concerned with the study of the interactions between organisms and between them and their environment.

  • EHEC

    definition

    EHEC stands for...

    Enterohaemorrhagic (i.e. causing intestinal bleeding) Escherichia coli, the pathogenic variant of the usually harmless intestinal inhabitant, Escherichia coli. These bacteria produce a cellular toxin that causes inflammatory-like reactions inside intestinal cells that seriously damage the body. Around ten percent of patients develop haemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) which destroys red blood cells and can lead to acute renal failure.

  • endemic

    definition

    Endemic means…

    Local but not temporal high incidence of a given infectious disease in a particular region or population.

  • epidemic

    definition

    Epidemic means…

    The locally and temporally limited occurrence of an infectious disease.

  • Epidemiology

    definition

    Epidemiology is…

    The study of the etiology, risk factors, distribution, and consequences of disease. Infectious disease epidemiology studies these factors as they pertain to communicable diseases.

  • epitope

    definition

    An epitope is…

    Specific region of an antigen that attaches to antigen receptors on T and B cells and to antibodies.

  • erythrocyte

    definition

    An erythrocyte is…

    Small red blood cell involved in the transport of oxygen to the tissues and of carbon dioxide away from the tissues. Its color is due to the reddish oxygen-carrying protein haemoglobin. Erythrocytes do not contain a nucleus.

  • Escherichia coli

    definition

    Escherichia coli is…

    Escherichia coli (E. coli) is a rod-shaped bacterium that is naturally found in the intestine. E. coli is a popular model organism used in the lab. In addition to harmless intestinal inhabitant there do exist pathogenic variants like EHEC.

  • eukaryotes

    definition

    Eukaryotes are…

    Unicellular or multicellular organisms that contain a nucleus. Humans, animals, plants, and protozoa are eukaryotes. In contrast, prokaryotes lack a nucleus.

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